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Special work of higher vocational enrollment and the main content of "Implementation Plan of Higher Vocational Enrollment Special Enforcement"

浏览次数: Updated: 2019-05-09 17:46 Views:
Ministry of Education spokesman Xu Mei chaired the conference. (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Continued Mei:

Dear journalists, good morning! Everyone is welcome to attend today's press conference of the Ministry of Education.

2019-05-08 10:00:00

Continued Mei:

On March 5 this year, Premier Li Keqiang pointed out in the "Government Work Report" that reform and improvement of examination and enrollment methods in higher vocational colleges should be carried out, and this year a large-scale expansion of 1 million enrollments. On April 30, Premier Li Keqiang presided over an executive meeting of the State Council to discuss and approve the Implementation Plan for the Special Work of Enrollment Expansion in Higher Vocational Education. So today ’s press conference we will publish the main content of the “implementation plan”.

2019-05-08 10:01:17

Continued Mei:

The guests who attended today's press conference are Wang Jiping, Director of the Vocational Education and Adult Education Department of the Ministry of Education, Wang Hui, Director of the College Student Department of the Ministry of Education, Lou Xuqing, Deputy Inspector of the Development Planning Department, and Xing Feng, Deputy Director of the Guangdong Provincial Education Department. Situ Yu, Secretary of the Party Committee of Sichuan Engineering Vocational and Technical College. The following first invites Director Wang Jiping to introduce the implementation plan for the special work of expanding enrollment in higher vocational education.

2019-05-08 10:02:19
Wang Jiping, Director of the Vocational Education and Adult Education Department of the Ministry of Education, introduced the "Implementation Plan for Higher Vocational Enrollment Special Work". (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Wang Jiping:

Dear friends in the press, good morning! On March 5, Premier Li Keqiang stated in the "Government Work Report" that "this year's large-scale vocational colleges have expanded their recruitment by 1 million." This is a major decision made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. It is an important measure to implement the "National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan." It is a major opportunity for the reform and development of vocational education and will have a significant impact on the development of education in China.

2019-05-08 10:03:41

Wang Jiping:

The Party group of the Ministry of Education attaches great importance to it, and successively held special ministerial office meetings, dispatch meetings, and party group meetings to study this issue in succession. A special working group for higher vocational expansion and recruitment was established, with Deputy Minister Sun Yao as the team leader. Relevant comrades of education administration departments in various places concentrated on discussing this issue. The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and the Department of Retired Soldiers and other departments, in accordance with the unified deployment of the State Council, take the initiative to act and divide the work, and sort out the existing areas from the expansion of key areas of recruitment, source organization, and funding security. Policies, put forward specific measures in the definition of student identity, publicity and mobilization, the extension of scholarships and awards, and jointly developed a special work implementation plan. This plan was approved by the State Council Standing Committee on April 30.

2019-05-08 10:04:22

Wang Jiping:

Today I will introduce several aspects of the situation. The first is to introduce the background of higher vocational recruitment. There are three backgrounds.
The first is the requirement for the reform of our country's economic structure. China's economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. It is now in the tackling phase of transformation of development methods, economic structural change, and growth momentum conversion. However, the structural contradiction between the supply and demand of high-quality technical and skilled personnel is still outstanding. This requires accelerating the development of modern vocational education, optimizing the structure of talents, expanding effective supply, and providing human and talent support for promoting economic and social development and increasing national competitiveness.
2019-05-08 10:05:20

Wang Jiping:

Second, vocational education reform needs to be deepened. In January of this year, the State Council issued the "National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan", clarifying that vocational education and general education are two different types of education, which have equal importance, and established a new educational concept. The expansion of higher vocational education is based on the implementation of such an implementation. Plan, improve the national vocational education system and technical and security personnel security policies, deepen the reform of the school-running system and the education mechanism reform, and promote the reform and development of modern vocational education to promote the optimization and connotative development of China ’s education, especially the structure of higher education .

2019-05-08 10:06:06

Wang Jiping:

The third is the need for regional economic development and upgrading. According to statistics, in modern manufacturing and emerging industries, more than 70% of new employees are from vocational colleges, and nearly 70% of graduates are also employed nearby in cities and counties, becoming a force for supporting regional industries to move towards mid-to-high-end industries. . Currently is in a critical period of industrial transformation and upgrading. Higher vocational colleges are urgently required to take the initiative to integrate into regional development, continue to deepen the integration of production and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and cultivate a large number of innovative and skilled technical and technical personnel to serve the high quality of regional economy. development of.

2019-05-08 10:07:31

Wang Jiping:

Second, the content of the implementation plan, I will briefly give you a report.
The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the expansion of higher vocational education. Premier Li Keqiang chaired the executive meeting of the State Council to discuss and adopt an implementation plan. This plan clearly adheres to the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialist characteristics with Chinese characteristics and comprehensively strengthens the party's leadership. Educational policy to speed up the training of all kinds of technical skills talents that are urgently needed for national development. How to expand the recruitment? The entire plan runs through a main line, which is four sentences: central coordination, local responsibility, systematic advancement, and quality-type expansion.
2019-05-08 10:08:16

Wang Jiping:

The so-called central co-ordination is led by the Ministry of Education and promoted by multiple departments. The first is to determine the enrollment plan by province, focusing on high-quality vocational colleges, the development of urgently needed and livelihood-deficient majors, and poverty-stricken areas. The second is to reform the examination enrollment method. Remove the restriction on the proportion of vocational college graduates enrolled in higher vocational education, and allow former secondary vocational graduates who meet the requirements for college entrance examination to participate in separate examinations for higher vocational colleges. The third is to tilt towards the Midwest. Bring into play the role of “Supporting the Midwestern Region Admissions Cooperation Program” and expand the vocational cooperation program in 2019 to 200,000. The fourth is to implement equal treatment, and promote graduates of vocational colleges to enjoy the same treatment as graduates of ordinary colleges and universities in terms of settlement, employment, recruitment of institutions and institutions, evaluation of professional titles, and promotion of ranks. Fifth, strengthen protection. The central government has increased its support for the expansion of higher vocational colleges. This year, the central government has allocated 23.7 billion yuan in special funds for the modern vocational education quality improvement plan to guide local governments in implementing the per-capita appropriation system and the policy of increasing the number of scholarships and awards.

2019-05-08 10:09:23

Wang Jiping:

Local responsibility is to give play to local initiative, initiative, and creativity. After the government work report, local governments took the initiative to consider the expansion of higher vocational education and local economic and social development. The directional and guiding opinions for the expansion of higher vocational education proposed in the implementation plan also need to be implemented locally to implement the implementation plan, such as how to attract more students, how to combine teaching resources organically, how to expand the supply of degrees, etc. The local initiative needs to be combined with local realities.

2019-05-08 10:10:47

Wang Jiping:

Advance systematically and clarify eight tasks. The first is to make reasonable arrangements for the expansion of enrollment plans, taking into account factors such as the situation of student sources, schooling conditions, and economic support. The second is to expand service orientation. It is necessary to carry out supplementary registration for higher vocational enrollment for groups such as high school graduates, retired soldiers, laid-off unemployed people, migrant workers and new-type professional farmers. The third is to implement flexible examinations to meet the needs of different student groups and education needs. Fourth, strict examination discipline, strict implementation of college admission policy, and strengthen supervision and management of examination admissions. Fifth, classify education and teaching to achieve "no reduction in standards, multiple models, and flexible academic systems." The sixth is to implement the fundamental task of Lideshu people, adhere to the whole process of educating people and promote the reform of teaching materials and teaching methods for teachers. Seventh, strengthen employment guidance and services, and promote graduates of vocational colleges and universities to enjoy the same treatment. Eighth, increase financial investment, implement policies such as grants per student, grants and scholarships, and increase the number of students, and give priority to retired soldiers, laid-off workers, migrant workers, and new types of professional farmers.

2019-05-08 10:11:24

Wang Jiping:

The quality-type enrollment expansion is not simply to increase the number. This is the most important feature of this expansion. It is the quality-type enrollment expansion. We must work hard to ensure quality. Three guarantees must be achieved: first, guarantee with high-quality resources, use quality schools to motivate ordinary schools, improve the efficiency of using high-quality vocational education resources, strengthen the transformation of public schools with weak schooling conditions, and improve the overall level of school running. The second is to use the teaching staff to ensure that through the integration of resources to tap a batch, special training to cultivate a batch, school-enterprise cooperation to solve a batch of "silver age lectures" to add a batch, social forces part-time batch, accelerate the recruitment of urgently needed professional teachers. The third is to use teaching reform guarantees, according to the characteristics of different students, to classify professional talent training plans and programs, adopt a flexible academic system and a flexible and diverse teaching model, innovate teaching organizations and assessments, and speed up the connection between academic credentials and vocational skill level certificates. In order to identify, accumulate and transform learning results.

2019-05-08 10:12:27

Wang Jiping:

Third, the expected impact of higher vocational recruitment.
The expansion of higher vocational education is a big measure that benefits the country and the people. Its policy effect will continue to be released, which will have a significant impact on the economy, society and education.
The first is to provide diversified growth paths. The expansion of higher vocational education makes ordinary high school students have more choices, and it is no longer a "thousands of troops crowding the canopy"; secondary vocational students have more opportunities for development, and realize "employment has advantages, entrepreneurship and ability, progression to higher education, and lifelong development. There are foundations "; retired soldiers, laid-off unemployed people, migrant workers and new-type professional farmers have more opportunities to receive higher vocational education, achieve higher quality and full employment, and allow more young people to realize the value of life in creating social wealth.
2019-05-08 10:13:05

Wang Jiping:

The second is to improve education service capabilities. The expansion of higher vocational education will provide more high-quality technical and technical talents to the frontline of modern manufacturing, modern service industry, modern agriculture and other industries, further promote the structural reform of the supply side of human resources, and better transform the demographic dividend into the human resource bonus. To improve the quality of human resources as a whole, improve the quality of products and services in an all-round way, effectively increase the total factor productivity, and become a new force for Chinese industries to move towards the mid-to-high end of the global industry.
The third is to promote higher education into the universal stage. In 2018, China's colleges and universities enrolled 7.9 million students, and the gross enrollment rate has reached 48.1%. In 2019, our gross enrollment rate will exceed 50%. If the gross enrollment rate of higher education is 50%, according to international parlance, it has entered the stage of universalization. The expansion of 1 million higher vocational education this year has become a "kick-in-the-kick" to the popularization of higher education in our country, which has directly pushed China's higher education into the stage of popularization.
2019-05-08 10:14:48

Wang Jiping:

Fourth, promote the great reform and development of vocational education. The expansion of higher vocational education has enriched the composition of students, promoted the integration of vocational education and continuing education, compelled higher vocational education to improve examination enrollment methods, innovative talent training models, and improved the conditions for running schools and reform of the evaluation mechanism. A catalyst for the great reform and development of vocational education. This is our expected impact, of course, there are other aspects of the impact.

2019-05-08 10:15:01

Wang Jiping:

Fourth, consider the next step.
In the next step, the Ministry of Education will work with the relevant departments to implement the special work for higher vocational recruitment. The first is to perform their duties earnestly, and formulate supporting documents for examination and enrollment, education and teaching as soon as possible. The second is to promote the implementation by provinces. When signing the Memorandum of Implementation of the National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan with the provinces, the implementation of the task of enlarging enrollment in higher vocational education is included as an important content. The third is to organize supervision and inspection. The Office of the Education Steering Committee of the State Council will organize a supervision group to conduct an ongoing inspection of the implementation of the expansion of recruitment organizations in various places, and take the implementation of each place as an important part of the provincial people's government's supervision and evaluation of education responsibilities.
The above is a basic situation of our higher vocational enrollment expansion work. I hope that everyone will continue to pay attention to timely publicizing national policies, reporting on typical experiences, and creating a good social atmosphere. Thank you.
2019-05-08 10:16:33

Continued Mei:

Thank you, Director Jiping. Everyone knows that the prerequisite for enrollment is to have a plan. Now Mr. Lou Xuqing, please introduce the arrangement of this year's national higher vocational enrollment plan.

2019-05-08 10:17:24
Lou Xuqing, deputy inspector of the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Education, introduced the national high-vocational enrollment plan in 2019. (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Lou Xuqing:

Dear journalists, I would like to briefly introduce the situation of the national vocational admissions plan this year.
First, the basic situation. In order to implement the relevant requirements of the State Council on further transforming government functions, the Ministry of Education will, from 2016, devolve higher vocational enrollment plans by regions and departments to provincial people's governments and relevant ministries and commissions. It shall be formulated by each locality and relevant departments.
2019-05-08 10:18:10

Lou Xuqing:

Since the decentralization of the examination and approval authority for higher vocational education programs, education administrative departments in various places have earnestly performed their management responsibilities to fully guarantee the specifications and quality of higher vocational education. The enrollment scale increased slightly from 3.484 million in 2015 to 3.889 million in 2018, and the scale of higher vocational education remained relatively stable. Based on the enrollment rate of higher vocational enrollment in previous years, we believe that to increase the enrollment of 1 million in 2019, at least 1.14 million higher vocational enrollment plans should be arranged.

2019-05-08 10:19:15

Lou Xuqing:

Second, work is progressing. According to the decision-making deployment of this year's "Government Work Report", the local party committees and governments resolutely implemented the central requirements, responded positively, and proactively asked for help; the local education administration departments carefully planned, calculated school by school, and fully tapped their potential. The Party group of the Ministry of Education attaches great importance to it. Comrades Baosheng and Sun Yao personally promoted and coordinated personally. They have close liaison with the main leaders of party committees and governments in various places to jointly advance the completion of the 1 million expansion of higher vocational recruitment, support and encourage innovation in local institutions and mechanisms. Incentives and preferences are given in policies.
Based on comprehensive consideration of higher vocational education development planning, economic support, school conditions, student resources and admission opportunities, and through annual routine declarations, centralized emergency deployment, and point-to-point targeted discussions, the national vocational enrollment plan for 2019 has been implemented. 1.15 million increase. According to the report of previous years, as long as the admissions plan is implemented in various places, the task of enlarging 1 million vocational schools this year should be completed as scheduled.
2019-05-08 10:20:21

Lou Xuqing:

Third, consider the next step. After the province-level and department-level higher vocational enrollment plans have been issued, the Ministry of Education will organize efforts to urge the education administration departments in various places to make preparations for the sub-school enrollment plans, and focus the higher vocational enrollment expansion plans on high-quality vocational colleges, development needs and livelihood areas There is a shortage of professional and poor areas. At the same time, considering that the authority to approve and approve higher vocational enrollment plans has been delegated to provincial governments, the Ministry of Education will actively support local governments on the basis of guiding plans issued by the state, which can be further expanded according to the conditions for running schools, student sources, and enrollment enrollment for higher vocational education. The enrollment scale of higher vocational education will train more highly-skilled talents for the country.
That ’s all, thank you all.
2019-05-08 10:21:50

Continued Mei:

Thank you, Director Xu Qing. After having a plan, the next step is to perform a series of tasks such as registration, examinations, admissions, and so on. Director Wang Hui, please introduce the relevant situation of enrollment in the special examination for higher vocational expansion.

2019-05-08 10:22:03
Wang Hui, director of the Department of Student Affairs of the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, introduced the enrollment of the special examination for higher vocational expansion. (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Wang Hui:

Now I would like to introduce to you the situation of enrollment in the special examination for higher vocational education in 2019.
In order to implement the spirit of the "Government Work Report" and the executive meeting of the State Council on April 30, the Ministry of Education has recently deployed the work of enrolling students for the special examination for higher vocational education this year. The overall idea is to further deepen the reform of the examination and admission system in higher vocational colleges. According to the characteristics and education status of different groups such as high school graduates, retired soldiers and laid-off workers, migrant workers, and new-type professional farmers, the admissions plan and classified test evaluation 3. Select admissions separately, and provide diverse enrollment methods for various groups.
2019-05-08 10:23:43

Wang Hui:

Let me introduce the work in four aspects.
First, about registration.
At present, the registration of the college entrance examination for 2019 in various places has been completed. Among the group of students considered for this expansion, some groups willing to apply for the exam (such as some secondary vocational graduates, veterans and laid-off workers, migrant workers, etc.) did not participate in the preliminary college entrance examination Each place will organize two supplementary registrations. Before the college entrance examination, it was mainly for groups such as ordinary high schools, secondary vocational graduates, retired soldiers and laid-off unemployed, migrant workers, and new-type professional farmers. The specific time was determined by each locality. Once in October, it was mainly for soldiers who retired from service in September-October this year. The province's original registration requirements for the college entrance examination remain unchanged. Candidates who have already participated in the college entrance examination do not need to participate in this registration. According to the deployment of the State Council, the promotion and mobilization of this higher vocational enrollment and the qualification review of various groups of candidates are jointly carried out by the departments of education, veterans affairs, human resources and social security, agriculture and rural areas, and public security.
2019-05-08 10:24:12

Wang Hui:

Second, it is about examination work.
Regarding the examination time: Considering the different progress of the enrollment of higher vocational classification examinations, the examination work will be reasonably arranged by each place according to the actual situation. The test time can be before or after the college entrance examination.
Regarding the organization of examinations: In principle, individual examinations in vocational colleges are mainly used, and vocational colleges are encouraged to reduce the burden of candidates' examinations through joint examinations or mutual recognition of results.
2019-05-08 10:25:24

Wang Hui:

Regarding the form and content of examinations: For ordinary high school graduates and secondary vocational graduates, the current "cultural quality + vocational skills" examination method can be adopted. For the cultural quality results, use the results of the high school level examination or the results of cultural examinations organized by the province or universities. For vocational skills, use the results of vocational adaptability tests or vocational skills tests organized by the province or each school. For retired soldiers and laid-off unemployed, migrant workers, and new-type professional farmers, cultural quality examinations are exempted. Each school will organize occupational adaptability tests or vocational skills tests related to the application major according to the basic training requirements of the school, and accept admission based on the test results . The top-skilled talents who meet the conditions for exemption from examinations will be admitted by higher vocational colleges. Conditional provinces are encouraged. For candidates who have obtained relevant vocational skill level certificates, the relevant majors may be exempted from vocational skills tests. Candidates who have taken the vocational classification examination in the previous period and have been accepted will no longer participate in this vocational examination.

2019-05-08 10:26:05

Wang Hui:

Third, regarding admissions.
The basic principle of admission is that according to the requirements for the training of technical and professional talents, according to the characteristics of different groups of candidates, determine the admission criteria by classification, and select the best candidates. In the admission process, different groups of students will be recruited separately, partly for retired soldiers, and partly for laid-off workers, migrant workers, and new-type professional farmers. The entrance time for new students is determined by the admissions arrangements of various schools and regions. Freshmen admitted before October can be admitted in the fall of 2019; freshmen admitted after October can be admitted in the spring of 2020.
2019-05-08 10:27:43

Wang Hui:

Fourth, regarding organizational management.
The expansion of higher vocational education is mainly organized and implemented by provincial governments. Each province will formulate an implementation plan for the recruitment of special examinations for local higher vocational expansion. At the same time, in order to ensure fairness and justice, the Ministry of Education will urge all schools in all regions to strictly implement admissions policies, take strict discipline in admissions work, strictly diversify the selection criteria for talents, and not reduce the standard management requirements for expansion of enrollment work.
Let me introduce these situations first.
2019-05-08 10:28:56

Continued Mei:

Thank you, Director Wang Hui. Just now, the three directors introduced the implementation plan of the special work expansion plan for higher vocational education. Next, we asked representatives of the provincial education department and the school to make introductions. At first, Director Xing Feng was invited to introduce the relevant situation of the expansion of higher vocational education in Guangdong Province.

2019-05-08 10:29:36
Xing Feng, deputy director of the Guangdong Provincial Department of Education, introduced the situation of Guangdong's higher vocational enrollment expansion. (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Xing Feng:

Dear journalists, let me briefly introduce the relevant situation of Guangdong's implementation of the expansion of higher vocational education.
The expansion of higher vocational education is a major decision-making arrangement of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, which is of great significance to Guangdong. In February this year, Governor Ma Xingrui specifically reported to Li Keqiang on the work plan for the expansion of higher vocational education in our province. In order to do a good job of enrolling in higher vocational schools, Guangdong has closely focused on the two goals of expansion and quality assurance, systematically planned and promoted the whole. The relevant situation is reported as follows:
2019-05-08 10:30:05

Xing Feng:

First, understand the expansion of higher vocational education in the overall situation of Guangdong's economic and social development.
First, it is an inevitable choice to assist industrial transformation and upgrading and support high-quality economic development. At present, the transformation of economic structure and the conversion of new and old kinetic energy in our province are accelerating, the traditional industries are accelerating the transformation and upgrading, the high-tech industries are developing rapidly, and emerging industries are constantly emerging. The requirements of industrial development for technical and skilled personnel are constantly increasing, and the demand for highly skilled personnel is constantly expanding. The expansion of higher vocational education can effectively alleviate the problem of insufficient supply of high-quality technical and skilled personnel, and better serve the industrial transformation and upgrading and high-quality economic development.
The second is the key measures to stabilize employment and protect people's livelihood. People's livelihood is a big thing, and employment is the biggest people's livelihood. The expansion of higher vocational education allows more high school graduates, retired soldiers, laid-off unemployed people, migrant workers and new professional farmers to receive higher vocational education, which is conducive to alleviating structural employment conflicts and promoting high-quality employment.
2019-05-08 10:31:08

Xing Feng:

The third is an important way to improve the gross enrollment rate of higher education and meet the expectations of the people. The gross enrollment rate of higher education in our province in 2018 was 42.43%, which was nearly 6 percentage points lower than the national level. The expansion of higher vocational education allows more people to go to college and master one skill, which not only meets the people's expectations of going to college, but also expands the coverage of higher education and improves the educational level of employed people.

2019-05-08 10:32:04

Xing Feng:

Second, we must continue to expand the scale and ensure the quality of both high-level vocational expansion.
The first is to effectively strengthen organizational leadership. The provincial government co-ordinates and expands enrollment, incorporates higher vocational enrollment into the government's important agenda, and establishes a sound coordination mechanism for higher vocational enrollment departments. The Provincial Department of Education has set up a leading group for the work of expanding enrollment, which is the main leader of the group, drafting a work plan for enrollment expansion of higher vocational education, mobilizing the deployment of enrollment expansion for higher vocational education, compacting the city's student body to initiate responsibilities, and implementing the task of enrollment expansion for higher vocational colleges.
2019-05-08 10:33:52

Xing Feng:

The second is to fully protect the supply of degrees. Comprehensive use of comprehensive financial awards and other measures, the provincial finance will provide comprehensive subsidies for new degrees in provincial public higher vocational colleges, appropriate incentives for the launch of students in less developed areas and relevant municipal higher vocational colleges, to fully mobilize higher vocational The enthusiasm of institutions, especially high-quality vocational colleges, guarantees the supply of degrees. Accelerate the work progress of newly established higher vocational colleges and the construction of provincial vocational and technical education demonstration bases to ensure that the school starts in the autumn as scheduled. Innovate the combination of vocational education resources, implement provincial vocational college groups to run schools, and launch vocational college trials.
The third is to widely launch students to apply. In May, it organized the first enrollment for higher vocational expansion. In October, the Provincial Department of Education will work with the Department of Retired Military Affairs, the Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and organize retired soldiers, laid-off unemployed people, migrant workers and new professional peasants to carry out the second high-level recruitment recruitment Sign up. At the same time, the adoption of dynamic adjustment of inter-subject plans, etc., to improve the admission rate of higher vocational colleges.
2019-05-08 10:34:21

Xing Feng:

The fourth is to establish and improve the guarantee system. The provincial government incorporated the expansion of higher vocational education into the assessment of prefectural and municipal governments and higher vocational colleges in 2019, and implemented the appropriation system for students in vocational colleges as one of the ten livelihood issues of the year for special supervision. Strengthen education support, expand the coverage of scholarships, increase the amount of funding, improve the green channel, and ensure that the Ministry of Children of Poor Families abandons enrollment due to financial difficulties. Multi-channel and all-round promotion of vocational colleges' examination and enrollment policies and characteristics of vocational schools, and encourage more candidates to apply for vocational colleges. Establish and improve the dynamic management mechanism for teachers in higher vocational colleges, vigorously promote the use of turnover funding to hire part-time teachers, and solve the problem of shortage of teachers. Strengthen the guidance and supervision of higher vocational colleges, implement layered and classified training, explore flexible learning systems and flexible and diverse teaching modes to ensure the quality of talent training.
Well begun is half done. Guangdong has a good foundation for higher vocational enrollment expansion. Next, we will conscientiously follow the unified national deployment and learn from the advanced experience and practices of brother provinces and cities to forge ahead and overcome difficulties. We will complete the high vocational enrollment expansion mission in high quality to serve the Guangdong economy. Social high-quality development. thank you all.
2019-05-08 10:35:54

Continued Mei:

Thank you, Minister Xing, and I would like to invite Secretary Situ Yu to brief us on the expansion of Sichuan Engineering Vocational and Technical College.

2019-05-08 10:36:06
Situ Yu, Secretary of the Party Committee of Sichuan Engineering Vocational and Technical College, introduced the school's enrollment expansion. (Photographed by Zhang Jinsong, China Education Daily)

Situ Yu:

Dear journalists, good morning!
Expansion of 1 million in higher vocational education is a major decision made by the party and the state. Sichuan Engineering Vocational and Technical College actively responded to the call of the party and the state, and gave full play to the leading role of national model schools. Under the guidance of relevant higher-level departments, it established a quality improvement and expansion recruitment alliance with 7 higher vocational colleges in the province. Innovative models, and strive to expand the recruitment of 10,000 this year.
2019-05-08 10:37:22

Situ Yu:

The expansion of the alliance will focus on three aspects of demand:
The first is the demand for the transformation and upgrading of Chengde Mian equipment manufacturing industries. Organic integration of the "Sichuan Provincial Equipment Manufacturing and Education Alliance" and "Quality Enhancement and Enrollment Alliance" led by our school, and sharing major industrial-education collaborative engineering centers and platforms set up in our school with alliance schools, and school-enterprise joint development of teaching Standards and talent training programs, give full play to the advantages of vocational education resources in the Chengde-Mian economic belt, focus on expanding NC technology, welding, electrical automation, aircraft manufacturing and other majors, and provide technical skills for the transformation and upgrading of the Chengde-Mian equipment manufacturing industry and other industries Talent support.
2019-05-08 10:38:19

Situ Yu:

The second is the need for the cultivation of localized talents in contiguous poverty-stricken areas and ethnic minority areas. Alliance schools cover representative areas in the province, including one in Liangshan Yi and Aba Tibetan areas, the main battlefields for poverty alleviation. They have been comprehensively reformed and transformed into four pilot civil-military integration test areas in southern Sichuan. One each in Tohoku area. Alliance schools through counterpart support, mutual help and mutual assistance, improve the overall level of teacher team construction, professional construction, and training base construction, share high-quality teaching resources, improve the quality of personnel training, and cultivate "can be used, used, and retained" Local talent.

2019-05-08 10:39:05

Situ Yu:

The third is the need for social students to study part-time and study nearby. Adopt a flexible academic system and implement the "1 + X" pilot. Students can enroll at the nearest school in the alliance, and the staged learning results are stored in the "credit bank". The credits are recognized and unified among the schools, and students can obtain a graduation certificate after completing the credits. . For example, Luzhou is a region with a high concentration of peasant construction workers. Students enrolled in Jiangyang Urban Construction Vocational College, located in the city, can continue to study at other schools within the alliance if the work place changes.

2019-05-08 10:40:10

Situ Yu:

In order to diversify the enrollment sources, we mainly take four measures:
The first is the cooperative recruitment of students. Aiming at different groups of candidates, individual examination admissions, skill interviews and other forms are adopted. Under the organization of the Provincial Examinations Institute, the overall promotion of the alliance schools, joint examinations, mutual recognition of results, multi-voluntary reporting, and voluntary admission, reduce the examination burden of candidates.
The second is classified precision teaching. Based on the differences in the cultural foundation, technical skill level, and employment experience of different students, we will formulate a training plan for talents, combine online and offline teaching, implement credit system management, modular teaching, strengthen process assessment and the identification, accumulation, and conversion of learning results. Provide flexible and diverse learning methods for different groups of students.
2019-05-08 10:41:30

Situ Yu:

The third is the collaborative education of schools and enterprises. Cooperate with industry companies and affiliated schools to jointly formulate teaching standards, implement the "school-to-school, factory-to-school" training model, work-learning, half-work and half-learning learning methods, and implement the "double-teacher" teaching method. Technology and new methods are introduced into the classroom. Signed a joint training agreement with the grass-roots party organizations of the enterprise to strengthen the ideological and political work of students during post-training internships.
The fourth is to share employment resources. Establish an employment information sharing platform, unify the employment information of graduates of the alliance schools and the employment information of enterprises, provide enterprises with more employment options and provide more jobs for students.
Sichuan is the main battlefield for populous provinces, large industrial provinces, and poverty alleviation. We will take the opportunity of higher vocational enrollment as an opportunity to establish new mechanisms and open up new models to continuously improve the quality of affiliated schools and improve the quality of talents. Make new contributions to the development of high-quality society.
Thank you!
2019-05-08 10:42:09

Continued Mei:

Thank you Secretary Situ. The guest's introduction is here, and the reporter's question is answered below.

2019-05-08 10:43:17

People's Daily reporter:

Regarding the expansion of higher vocational education, the "Government Work Report" proposes to reform and improve the examination and enrollment methods of higher vocational colleges and encourage more recent high school graduates and retired soldiers, laid-off workers, migrant workers, etc. to apply for examinations. What considerations does the Ministry of Education take to implement the above requirements? Thank you.

2019-05-08 10:44:03

Wang Hui:

The expansion of 1 million higher vocational education this year is a major decision and arrangement made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council based on the overall situation of economic and social development. It is also a great opportunity to further improve vocational education in the new era. In recent years, in accordance with the central deployment, the Ministry of Education has accelerated the advancement of classified examinations in higher vocational colleges, separated the admissions of higher vocational colleges from ordinary undergraduates, and implemented a "cultural quality + vocational skills" evaluation method to gradually form higher vocational education. Talent selection model of training regularity and characteristics. At present, the vocational college entrance examination has become the main channel for vocational college admissions.

2019-05-08 10:45:01

Wang Hui:

In order to implement the tasks of higher vocational enrollment proposed in this year's "Government Work Report", we have further reformed the vocational college enrollment methods on the basis of in-depth summary of the existing vocational classification of enrollment. There are six major reform measures: First, in terms of planning arrangements, the focus will be on high-quality vocational colleges, urgently needed regional economic construction, majors in the field of social livelihood and high employment rates, as well as poverty-stricken areas, especially contiguous areas. The second is in the registration of the examination, before the college entrance examination and in October organized two supplementary registration work. The third is in the organization of examinations, which mainly focus on individual examinations in vocational colleges. Fourth, in the form and content of examinations, classified examinations are conducted according to the characteristics of different groups. Fifth, in terms of admissions, according to the requirements for the training of technical and technical personnel, combined with the characteristics of different candidate groups, comprehensively consider the admissions plan, professional foundation, and test scores, etc., and determine the admission criteria by classification to ensure that they meet the basic training requirements of the school and have the will to attend Candidates are accepted. Sixth, in terms of enrollment time, the enrollment time for new students is determined by the admissions arrangements of various schools in various places. Students admitted before October can be enrolled in autumn 2019, and new students admitted after October can be enrolled in spring 2020. The six reform measures are described above.
Below, each province will also formulate a work plan for the expansion of higher vocational education in accordance with local conditions, guide local higher vocational colleges to formulate admissions regulations, and promptly announce to the society. I will answer these contents, thank you.
2019-05-08 10:46:09

China Youth Daily reporter:

I would like to ask Director Wang, how to implement this classification of education and teaching management for retired soldiers, laid-off unemployed and migrant workers, new types of professional farmers? How to ensure that this is a quality expansion?

2019-05-08 10:47:11

Wang Jiping:

A very obvious feature of the expansion of higher vocational education this time is that the target of the expansion has changed. We call it "one master and three assistants". In fact, there are more than three assistants. In addition to high school graduates in the traditional sense, they also increase. This group includes retired soldiers, laid-off workers, migrant workers, and new-type professional farmers. Everyone is paying attention to how some of these students go in, that is, how to recruit them. Director Wang Hui has just said, but after entering, how do we teach, how to manage, and how to ensure the quality, which is everyone's concern A problem. How to do this is still three sentences. One is that the standards are not lowered. The other is that the models are diverse. The third is that the academic system is flexible.

2019-05-08 10:48:01

Wang Jiping:

The so-called standard does not fall, it is to grasp three implementations. One is to implement the fundamental tasks of Lide Shuren. We must adhere to the principle of combining moral skills with moral skills, physical education, and comprehensive development of labor and beauty. The second is to implement the national teaching standards for vocational education, unify the training standards and academic credentials, and strictly control the quality of training. The third is to implement a multi-participation quality evaluation mechanism, improve the vocational education quality evaluation system, and comprehensively evaluate learners' professional ethics and skill levels.
In addition, the training mode should be diversified, and three classifications must be made. The first is to formulate a talent training program by category, taking into account the characteristics of fresh and non-graduated, employed and unemployed, and different age groups of students to compile this talent training program.这个培养方案是学校根据国家总的要求来做的一项工作。二是要分类组织教学,针对不同生源的从业经历、学习基础和需求,推行灵活多元的教学模式。三是实施分类管理,适应不同生源的学习时间和学习方式,创新管理机制,提高服务水平。
2019-05-08 10:49:02

王继平:

最后是学制灵活,总体要推进三项改革:一是推进“1+X”证书制度试点。这在今年2月19日新闻发布会讲过“职教20条”,改革方案中有一项重要制度,就是“1+X”证书制度的试点,“1”就是学历证书,“X”就是若干职业能力等级证书,有长的有短的,长的是学历教育,短的是证书的培训。在这个过程当中,也要发挥试点的作用,加快学历证书和职业技能等级证书相互衔接,有序开展学习成果的认定、积累和转换。二是要推进“学分银行”建设。对退役军人、下岗失业人员、农民工和新型职业农民,已经积累的学习成果,包括基础技能方面的成果,要探索通过水平测试等方式进行学历教育的学分认定。三是要推进弹性学制,让学生根据自己的学习需求和节奏,合理安排学习时间,分阶段完成学业,满足多样化需求。

2019-05-08 10:50:31

中国日报记者:

请问今年高职院校大规模扩招,怎么保证我们有足够的教师来满足这些需求? Thank you.

2019-05-08 10:51:37

王继平:

hg0088com网址部里面高职扩招专项工作专门有个领导小组,组长是孙尧副部长,另外还有几个成员单位,有职成司、学生司、规划司,还有几个司局今天没有到场,一个是财务司,还有教师司、督导局,续梅同志所在的单位也是成员单位,是新闻办。你提到教师的问题,我今天就代他们说一下情况。

2019-05-08 10:52:07

王继平:

要保证质量,要扩招,实际上教师是非常重要的,教师保障是基本的保障。在这一点上,教师工作司做了充分的研判,做好充分的准备。根据他们的测算,高职扩招100万,扩招之后,每年需要新增师资6.5万人左右,准备按照内培外引、专兼结合、校企共育的原则,就是“五个一批”,通过资源整合要挖潜一批,通过专项培训培育一批,通过校企合作解决一批,通过“银龄讲学”补充一批,就是发挥退下来的老教师作用,补充一批,还有通过社会力量兼职一批。

2019-05-08 10:53:43

王继平:

准备采取三项举措,一是完善政策,准备出台《深化新时代职业教育教师队伍建设改革实施方案》,完善教师资格准入、培养培训、考核评价、待遇保障以及兼职教师聘用等政策保障措施。二是增加供给,在国家重大项目集中支持高职教师队伍的建设,建设一批“双师型”职教教师培养培训基地,认证一批职业技术示范专业。三是内培外引,改革实施职业院校教师素质提高计划,开展专业骨干教师培训,创建教师教学创新团队,做好教师企业实践基地的遴选工作,推进校企人员双向推动,将兼职教师聘用纳入到职业院校教师素质提高计划的资金分配因素,引导支持省级财政列支专项经费,支持学校聘用兼职教师。

2019-05-08 10:54:18

南方周末记者:

想给王继平司长提两个问题。一是您刚才提到的师资的补充,如何平衡发达地区和欠发达地区的师资投入?二是关于您在介绍背景时,多次提到了经济变革的需求,尤其您提到了退役军人和农民工这样的群体。目前我们的职业教育专业设置和教学是否符合经济变革的需求?会否做出一些调整?

2019-05-08 10:55:29

王继平:

一个是师资问题,第二个是专业设置的问题。教师的问题我刚才说了,我讲的这几条是教师工作司研究的举措。确实,有资源但不平衡,这是个大问题,总体上来看,有没有支撑扩招的资源?有,但是各地分布不一样,各专业分布不一样,所以要加一个重要的举措,要统筹。在全国层面,中央要有个统筹,这就是中央统筹的来由。在省里也需要统筹,省里面不同的地方也情况不一样,不同的学校也不一样,所以教师这方面,除了刚刚说的如何补充之外,在省内也要进行一些统筹。比如说优质学校,比如四川提到他们有机组合式的、联盟式的,有些学校师资不太足,但是学生住宿还是充足的,有些比如示范骨干院校,向来是供不应求的,老师也很充足,那就建立起联盟,互相支持和补充,用这样的方式来解决。当然,除了校际之间,还有区域之间,省里面都要统筹。

2019-05-08 10:56:03

王继平:

第二个问题,专业设置问题。确实是这样,职业教育这两年在专业目录方面,比如高职专业目录和中等职业学校专业目录都在及时进行调整,应该说把我们国家所有行业设置的专业全部都覆盖了。覆盖之后,我们特别关注一些特别急需的,比如现代制造业,还有新兴服务业,都是现在非常急需的,都在大力发展过程中。大家需要的专业,应该说在我们专业目录里面基本上都有。可能还有一些更加专一些的,我们把它叫做专业方向来解决。新一拨的生源进来之后,当然报名的时候就已经要有选择了,安排一些就业比较好、优质的专业来公布,然后他报名,不是说没有专业就进来了,到时候要把计划落实到学校,甚至要落实到专业,就是公布了以后,按照专业来报的,并不是进来之后再选专业。

2019-05-08 10:57:45

王继平:

当然我们要及时跟进。还有不断更新专业、增添新专业的问题,我觉得在培养过程中,更需要关注的是如何对这个人群实施教育和培训,就教学方面,如何针对他们的特点,使他真正踏下心来学。还要创造条件,因为有些是有工作的,有些是有家庭的,有些要利用晚上时间,有些可能三年之内都学不完,所以为什么提出来灵活学制,不是说三年之后就可以毕业了。那么怎么办?所以在这个过程中,一是更重要的是学制灵活,二是教学要多样,教学模式应该更加贴近实际,贴近学生本身特点,贴近不同生源人群特点。
关于下一步在教育教学管理方面,我们还准备制定专门的意见,来指导各地做好培养工作。
2019-05-08 10:58:05

CCTV reporter:

刚才我们提质量扩招这块,已经在师资、专业设置方面做了介绍,请问楼司长,在校舍包括一些硬件方面的不足,如何进行保障? Thank you.

2019-05-08 10:59:27

楼旭庆:

关于校舍问题,我想从两个方面来回答。第一,现有的校舍基本能满足今年扩招的需要。根据最新的教育统计数据,现在全国有高职学校1418所,在校生970万,学校产权的校舍2.53亿,在建的1800万平方米。根据我们即将发布的《高等职业学校建设标准》,虽然说不同类型、不同规模的学校标准是不一样的,但是按照平均测算,每个学校校舍建筑面积在24平方米。所以,今年的规模是能够满足需要的。

2019-05-08 11:00:03

楼旭庆:

第二,从今后的发展角度来说,主要通过两个途径来解决。按照今年的招生规模来测算明年、后年在校生还会继续扩大。按照生均24平米来算的话,可能有4800万平方米建筑面积的要求,如果减去今年在建的1800,大数上还有3000万平方米的缺口。这些缺口怎么弥补呢?各地仍然需要加大对高职学校的投入,加快改善办学条件。另外教育部将会同国家发改委、财政部,在实施现代职业教育提升计划和教育现代化推进工程这两个项目中,专门安排中央资金支持地方高职院校建设,尽可能满足高职扩招带来的教学、实训、生活所需要的校舍。

2019-05-08 11:01:19

楼旭庆:

再是新增设部分高职学校。根据高校设置“十三五”规划,总共有121所新设高职学校列入。经过两年,大概有一半左右已经备案,今后几年我们按程序、按条件继续备案。去年备案了35所,今年也有二、三十所要备案。主要通过上述途径来满足校舍等资源缺口。 Thank you.

2019-05-08 11:02:35

续梅:

时间关系,我们提问就到这里。另外我还有一条信息要向大家介绍一下,就是5月中旬将有个重要的国际教育会议,中国与联合国教科文组织合作举办的国际人工智能与教育大会将于2019年5月16日至18日在北京举行。随着新技术革命的到来,人们的生产生活方式乃至学习方式正在并将继续发生深刻的改变。

2019-05-08 11:03:38

续梅:

hg0088com网址如何推进教育现代化,构建新的教育体系,发展新的教育方式和学习方式,帮助人们获得更好生活、更好发展的能力,推动社会实现可持续发展,这些内容和话题受到了全球的广泛关注,所以这次大会是以“规划人工智能时代的教育—引领与跨越”为主题,将邀请政府、教育和研究机构、国际组织和相关企业的代表,共同探讨人工智能时代的能力素养要求与教育体系的构建,探索助力2030年教育目标实现的政策与战略,研究以人工智能为代表的信息技术在教育领域的创新应用,促进国际合作,共同应对数字鸿沟、数据安全与伦理问题等挑战。会议期间,还将举行人工智能与教育的展览,通过直观生动的形式,向世界介绍我国人工智能技术在教育领域的应用情况。

2019-05-08 11:04:47

续梅:

hg0088com网址这次大会是由联合国教科文组织、中华人民共和国教育部、中国联合国教科文组织全委会和北京市人民政府共同主办。据了解,截止到目前,已有来自110余个国家的政府代表和多个国际组织教育与研究机构的官员和学者约370多人报名参会,其中包括70多位部长和副部长、联合国教科文组织高级别官员也将出席这次会议。所以,还请记者朋友们届时关注和参与。

2019-05-08 11:05:53

续梅:

另外本周是国务院确定的“职业教育活动周”,所以我们会持续进行关于职业教育的宣传。今天下午会组织记者朋友们去重庆,进行一个集中采访活动,也是我们今年的第五场“1+1” 发布采访活动。此外,活动周期间,各地各有关单位还将举行一系列有关职业教育的活动,还请记者朋友们关注。我们今天的发布会到此结束,谢谢各位。

hg0088com网址 (结束)

2019-05-08 11:07:32


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