Notice of the Ministry of Education on In-depth Study and Implementation of the "National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan"
Provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government Education Department (Education Committee), Municipal Education Bureaus of each plan, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Education Bureau, related units:
The State Council issued the "National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan" (hereinafter referred to as "Article 20 of Vocational Education"), and detailed efforts to do a good job in the new era of vocational education into specific actions. In order to do a good job of propaganda and implementation of the "20 vocational education", to promote the great reform and development of vocational education, the relevant matters are notified as follows.
I. Deeply understand the main connotation and spiritual essence of "20 vocational education"
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has placed vocational education in an unprecedentedly prominent position. Premier Li Keqiang made important instructions on deepening vocational education reform and put forward clear requirements. The "Vocational Education Article 20" specifies that vocational education and general education are two different types of education and have equal importance. The education front must consolidate ideas and actions into the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and promote the continuous deepening of vocational education reform.
(1) Follow the important exposition of General Secretary Xi Jinping's education
It is necessary to arm General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition on education, guide practice, and promote work, and implement the work policy that attaches great importance to and accelerates development, and put vocational education in a more prominent position in economic and social development and education reform; implement services well Develop and promote employment-oriented schooling, connect with the development trend of science and technology and market demand, promote the formation of a community of shared destiny for schools and enterprises; implement the work goal of building a vocational education system with Chinese characteristics, improve the moral education and training mechanism, and combine education with training, and strive to cultivate Hundreds of millions of highly qualified workers and technically skilled personnel are working hard to improve the vocational education and training system, and strive to give everyone a chance to make a difference in life.
(2) Provide strong support for the comprehensive establishment of a socialist modernized country
China is in the historical confluence period of deciding to build a well-off society in an all-round way and build a socialist modern power. The long-term goals of 2035 and the long-term goals of 2050 set new and higher requirements for vocational education. Speeding up the development of modern vocational education is not only conducive to alleviating the current employment pressure, but also a strategic move to address the shortage of high-skilled talents. Vocational education should actively adapt to the needs of supply-side structural reforms, strengthen the accumulation of technical skills, and strive to stand at the forefront of serving national strategies and provide support for the construction of a modern industrial system. It is necessary to strengthen the effective supply of talents and a moderate advance reserve to provide guarantees for members of society to find employment and start business, and improve their positions. With the great reform and development of modern vocational education, it is necessary to accelerate the cultivation of various technical and technical talents that are urgently needed for national development, so that more young people can realize the value of life by virtue of their skills, and make 360 talents gather and make the stars bright.
(3) Put vocational education in a more prominent and important position
China's education has generally entered the ranks of the world, which is the key stage to accelerate the modernization of education. Without vocational education modernization, there would be no education modernization. Deepening the reform of vocational education can explore experiences for other education reforms, effectively decompose the pressure of the college entrance examination, and provide diversified growth paths for students. It is necessary to make great efforts to carry out reforms, and strive to promote the organic connection of the education chain, the talent chain, and the industrial chain after 5-10 years of efforts, and greatly improve the modernization of vocational education in the new era.
2. Promote the reform of key tasks of the "20 Vocational Education" item by item
The "Article 20 of Vocational Education" adheres to the goal-oriented and problem-oriented, and proposes a series of policies and measures to solve the long-term tendency of "simple academic education" or "simple skills teaching" to solve the problems of the system and mechanism that restrict the development of vocational education for a long time. . The vocational education front should focus on deepening reform and paying close attention to implementation, and implement the tasks set forth in the "20 vocational education" item by item.
(I) Improve the modern vocational education system
It is necessary to improve the development level of secondary vocational education, keep the vocational-to-pupil ratio in high school education approximately the same, set up national scholarships for secondary vocational education, improve the average appropriation for secondary vocational students, tuition exemption, and the state's financial aid policy, and contribute to winning the battle against poverty. It is necessary to promote the high-quality development of higher vocational education, reform the school running system of higher vocational colleges, improve the quality of running schools, and build a group of higher vocational schools and key disciplines (groups) that lead reform, support development, Chinese characteristics, and world-class standards. It is necessary to expand the scale of high-quality technical and technical personnel training, expand the coverage of higher education institutions' scholarships, increase subsidy standards, and encourage more secondary vocational schools and ordinary high school graduates, retired soldiers, laid-off workers, and migrant workers to receive higher vocational education. One million people will be recruited on a large scale in 2019. It is necessary to improve the high-level applied talent training system, promote the transition from qualified ordinary undergraduate colleges to applied ones, carry out vocational education pilots at the undergraduate level, and explore the long-term system to train high-end technical and skilled personnel. It is necessary to carry out extensive vocational training for students and members of society, actively undertake vocational skills improvement actions, and guide industry companies to participate in depth. Vocational schools should be encouraged to cooperate with primary and secondary schools to carry out labor and vocational education.
(2) Improve the quality of technical and technical personnel training
Standardization construction should be used as a breakthrough point to lead the development of vocational education, and teachers, teaching materials, and teaching methods must be grasped. School standards such as school settings, teaching staff, teaching materials, informatization construction, and safety facilities should be established and improved to promote "dual" education in schools and enterprises. To improve the vocational adaptability and sustainable development of educated people. It is necessary to implement the fundamental tasks of Lide Shuren, deepen the reform of majors, courses, and teaching materials, improve the level of internship training, and strive to achieve a high degree of integration of professional skills and professional spirit training. It is necessary to take multiple measures to build a "dual-faculty" teacher team, strengthen vocational and technical teachers 'colleges and professional construction, explore the formation of high-level, structured teachers' teaching innovation teams, organize the selection of key teachers for overseas training, and promote the two-way flow of school-enterprise personnel. It is necessary to establish a vocational education quality evaluation system, strictly control the two standards of teaching standards and the quality standards of graduate students, and pay close attention to the implementation of systems, standards, and norms.
(3) Implement the pilot work of the 1 + X certificate system
To actively adapt to the demand for high-quality compound technical and technical personnel in the new technological revolution and industrial change, starting in 2019, pilots of the "degree certificate + several vocational skill level certificates" system pilot (for short) 1 + X certificate system pilot). It is necessary to strengthen normative guidance, formulate work plans and specific management methods as soon as possible, cultivate a group of high-quality training evaluation organizations, and do a good job in the implementation, management, supervision, and evaluation of vocational skill level certificates in vocational colleges. It is necessary to highlight key areas and start trials in areas where there is a shortage of technical and skilled personnel such as advanced manufacturing and modern service industries, and continuously train hundreds of millions of high-quality industrial forces for all walks of life. It is necessary to combine the pilot of the 1 + X certificate system, explore the construction of a “credit bank”, explore the establishment of a national qualifications framework that meets the national conditions, and orderly carry out the identification, accumulation and conversion of the learning results reflected in the diploma and vocational skill level certificates, and accelerate the diploma Interconnected with vocational skill level certificates to broaden channels for the continued growth of technical and skilled personnel.
(IV) Improve related supporting policies conducive to the development of vocational education
It is necessary to support enterprises and social forces in setting up vocational education, work with relevant departments to formulate and implement integrated production and education certification and combined incentive policies, and encourage qualified enterprises, especially large enterprises, to organize high-quality vocational education. It is necessary to build a number of exemplary vocational education groups (alliances) and build a number of high-level vocational education training bases. It is necessary to establish a negative list system of private vocational education, and encourage the development of vocational colleges and training institutions of various types such as joint-stock and mixed ownership. It is necessary to improve the examination and enrollment methods of "cultural quality + vocational skills", and provide students with a variety of admission methods and learning methods for receiving higher vocational education. At the same time that the central government has increased its investment in vocational education, it is necessary to urge local governments to implement vocational education funding mechanisms, strengthen local financial support, and increase new education funding toward vocational education.
(V) A good environment for all sides to support vocational education
It is necessary to strengthen the party's overall leadership of vocational education, give full play to the leadership and political core role of party organizations in vocational colleges, and plan, implement, and evaluate party building and school development. It is necessary to take the lead in implementing the various responsibilities of the inter-ministerial joint conference system of the vocational education work of the State Council, make good overall planning, comprehensive coordination, and macro-management of vocational education, and form a policy synergy. A National Vocational Education Guidance Advisory Committee should be established to provide major policy advice for vocational education reform. It is necessary to continue to run vocational education activities and other activities, summarize and refine excellent cases through multiple channels, tell stories about vocational education, and cultivate and inherit the spirit of craftsmen.
Third, do a solid job in comprehensively deepening the implementation of vocational education reform
The education front must study and implement the spirit of the "20 vocational education" as an important task in education at present and in the future. According to the requirements of the national televised conference for deepening vocational education reform, it must be carefully deployed, unifiedly arranged, implemented item by item, and compacted. Responsibility to ensure that the tasks of the reform and development of vocational education in the new era are implemented.
(I) Strengthen learning and publicity
Educational administrative departments in various places shall formulate study, publicity and implementation plans, decompose items one by one according to the "Article 20 of Vocational Education", determine the division of tasks, and report to local party committees and governments in a timely manner, and include them in the thematic research and key deployment of party committees and governments. , Promote local comprehensive strengthening of leadership in vocational education, study and put forward ideas, strategies and key tasks for vocational education reform and development in the region, and propose specific plans to deepen reforms and carry out pilot projects. All localities should quickly set off a wave of propaganda and research on the spirit of the "20 vocational education" spirit. The education administration department should take the initiative to speak in the local mainstream media and various emerging media. The principal and the person in charge should write a feature article, take the initiative to interpret and preach, and vocational colleges. Schools, industry companies, research institutes, etc. carry out learning exchanges, topic research and publicity interpretation. It is necessary to organize the cadres, teachers and students of vocational colleges to learn and understand in various ways to form a consensus of ideas. It is necessary to contact the local mainstream media to widely publicize vocational education policies, policies, experiences, and achievements, etc., and create a good atmosphere conducive to reform and development.
(B) do a good job of key tasks
Provincial education administrative departments must promptly promote the signing of provincial and provincial memorandums for implementing the reform and development of vocational education. It is necessary to organize the implementation of key projects, reflect the orientation of reform, grasp the plan of constructing high-level vocational schools and specialties with Chinese characteristics, constructing high-level training bases, piloting the integration of production and education, improving the basic conditions for running weak schools, and transforming application-oriented undergraduate universities , Pilot vocational education at the undergraduate level, 1 + X certificate system pilot, vocational training, curriculum and teaching material construction, "dual teacher" teacher team construction, "digital campus" construction, demonstration vocational education group (alliance) construction, "Luban workers Fang "project and so on. Attention should be paid to refining and summarizing, forming a batch of typical experiences that can be replicated and promoted, and constantly improve the working mechanism of coordinated advancement of national top-level design and local practice.
(3) Strengthen the implementation of assessment
Education administrative departments at all levels must effectively take responsibility for overall planning, comprehensive coordination and macro management of vocational education, and promote the development of regional vocational education. It is necessary to improve the system of joint meetings of local vocational education work, strengthen contacts with development and reform, industry and informatization, finance, human resources and social security, agriculture and rural areas, state-owned assets, poverty alleviation, taxation and other relevant units to form a joint effort. It is necessary to establish and improve local vocational education guidance and consulting institutions to maximize consensus among all parties. It is necessary to strengthen supervision and inspection, compact and compact responsibilities, and report progress to our Ministry every six months. Our Ministry will work with relevant units to supervise the reform and development of vocational education in various places through the State Council's oversight and education supervision. The results of the inspection will be reported to the State Council as an important basis for the evaluation of local government work. Local key incentives.
Please report to the Ministry of Education before the end of June 2019, and report to the State Council after learning and implementing the situation in different places.
Ministry of Education
年5月6日 May 6, 2019