Ministry of Education issues "Administrative Measures for National University Students' Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Plan"
In order to implement the spirit of the National Education Conference and the New Age National Higher Education Undergraduate Education Work Conference, in accordance with the spirit of the relevant documents of the General Office of the State Council on Deepening the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education Reform of Colleges and Universities, combined with the implementation of the National University Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Plan, A few days ago, the Ministry of Education issued the "Administrative Measures for the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of National University Students" (referred to as the "Measures") to actively guide colleges and universities in various regions to deepen the reform of innovation and entrepreneurship education, strengthen the cultivation of university students' innovation and entrepreneurship, and comprehensively improve the quality of talent training.
In 2007, the Ministry of Education initiated the implementation of the "National University Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Plan" (referred to as the "National Innovation Plan"), in accordance with the principles of "interest-driven, autonomous practice, and process-oriented", advocating innovative practice with students as the main body. Promote comprehensive reform of colleges and universities in teaching content, curriculum system, and practice links, and improve college students' innovative and entrepreneurial capabilities. At present, 900,000 college students from more than 1,000 undergraduate universities have participated in the "National Innovation Plan", and a total of 220,000 national-level projects have been funded, covering all disciplines and supporting funds of about 3.7 billion yuan. An innovative entrepreneurship talent cultivation project for all college students.
The introduction of the "Measures" adheres to high starting points, high standards, and strict requirements, and gives full play to the demonstration and leading role of the "National Innovation Plan". It focuses on strengthening project process management, clearly communicating, motivating, and supervising the assessment mechanism. "Responsibilities of competent authorities and project operation processes were systematically sorted out.
The "Measures" clearly states that the implementation of the "National Innovation Plan" aims to deepen the reform of innovation and entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities, improve personnel training capabilities, and cultivate high-level innovation and entrepreneurial talents that meet the needs of the construction of an innovative country. "National Innovation Plan" implements project-based management, which is divided into three categories: innovation training projects, entrepreneurship training projects, and entrepreneurial practice projects.
The "Measures" clarified the responsibilities of the management departments at all levels, clearly pointing out that the Ministry of Education is the macro management department, the provincial education administration department is mainly responsible for project organization and management in the region, and universities are the main bodies of the implementation and management of the National Innovation Plan. The "Measures" establish basic conditions from various aspects such as topic selection requirements, research directions, team members, instructors, and financial support, and standardize the project release and project approval process. At the same time, standardize the project closing and announcement process, and establish a system for publicizing closing information and external services.
The "Measures" require that the project process and subsequent management be strengthened. It is clear that schools need to establish a management and coordination agency led by school leaders to determine the competent department; emphasize the responsibility of the project team leader, standardize the use of funds, and clarify relevant incentive policies; require participation Colleges and universities prepare annual progress reports of the “National Innovation Plan” projects from the aspects of overall project overview, organization management, project implementation, support measures, education and teaching reform, and implementation effectiveness. Universities with better implementation of the “National Innovation Plan” projects may apply for “ National University Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Annual Meeting. "