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Discussion on Talent Training Direction of Modern Service Industry

浏览次数: Updated: 2019-04-12 16:59 Views:
The modern service industry is relative to the traditional service industry. As an intermediate link in production, it has the characteristics of high knowledge, high technology and newness. It is closely related to economic development and has a global impact on the development of the national economy. According to the definition of the Beijing Bureau of Statistics, the modern service industry mainly includes nine major industries: information transmission, computer services and software; finance; real estate; leasing and commercial services; scientific research, technical services and geological exploration; water conservancy and environment And public facilities management; education; health, social security and social services; culture, sports and entertainment.

The research on global development laws shows that the world has entered the era of service economy, and modern service industry is gradually becoming the leading industry or pillar of economic development. The overall size of the global service industry has reached $ 28 trillion, accounting for 68% of global GDP. In high-income countries, this ratio has reached more than 7l%, and cities such as New York and London have reached about 90%. Among these service industries, modern service industries such as information, finance, and business services have become the pillars of the industry. The value added value of modern service industries such as information, finance, insurance, education, and business services in the United States accounts for 24.87% of GDP. Information The service industry has grown from 3.55% in 1980 to 4.87%, financial insurance has increased from 4.9% to 7.7%, and professional business services have increased from 6.6% to 11.8%. Education increased from 0.6% to 0.9%. These industries have grown from 15.75% to 24.8%.

According to survey data from the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, in Beijing's modern service industry, the output value of the information service industry, financial service industry, real estate industry, cultural and creative service industry has accounted for 64% of the modern service industry.

According to the latest data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, from January to February, the computer service and software industry completed a total of 159.5 billion yuan in software business revenue, an increase of 23.4% year-on-year, an increase of 2.6 percentage points over the same period last year. The total profit was 15.5 billion yuan, an increase of 10.9 %, The growth rate is 6.8 percentage points lower than the same period last year. Among them, the accumulated revenue from computer services and software industry in the eastern region was 139.1 billion yuan, accounting for 87.2% of the country's computer services and software industry revenue, an increase of 23% year-on-year, and the growth rate increased by 2.5 percentage points over the same period last year. Software industry revenue was 13.3 billion yuan, an increase of 26.5% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 0.8 percentage points higher than the same period last year. The central region completed computer service and software industry revenue was 7.1 billion yuan, an increase of 26% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 7.7 percentage points higher than the same period last year. . The data also show that from January to February, China ’s computer service and software industry exports were 2.64 billion US dollars, an increase of 25.4% year-on-year, an increase of 9.1 percentage points lower than the same period last year, but 2.1 percentage points higher than the same period in the same period; completed computer services and software The industry outsourcing service exports reached 450 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 64%.

Facing the impact of the international financial crisis in 2009, China's software industry vigorously expanded the domestic market, promoted the adjustment of the industrial structure, and maintained a stable operation in general. The scale of the industry continued to expand, and the structure and layout were continuously adjusted. The industry's application level and innovation ability have significantly improved. It plays a positive role in promoting the transformation of industrial development methods and the adjustment of economic structure. In 2009, China's software industry completed 951.3 billion yuan in software business revenue, an increase of 25.6% year-on-year, but the growth rate was 4.2 percentage points lower than the previous year. The state's new policy of encouraging the development of the software industry and integrated circuit industry has never been promulgated, which is very detrimental to the confidence of software companies and the determination of future strategies. The “Electronic Information Industry Adjustment and Revitalization Plan” for supporting the software industry still needs to be speeded up. The implementation of major projects such as the state ’s “nuclear high base” and the relatively slow pace of project advancement have affected the company ’s capital investment and innovation pace. Under the influence of the global financial crisis, global IT spending fell by more than 3% year-on-year, which adversely affected the software industry, especially the outsourcing exports to Japan fell by more than double-digits year-on-year. Embedded software also increased due to the decline in the overall market demand Slow down. The impact of small and medium-sized software companies is obvious. Due to the phenomenon of homogeneity of products and services, the vicious competition of prices is severe under the shrinking market, which seriously affects the economic benefits of enterprises. Although domestic investment of 4 trillion yuan has been used to expand domestic demand, and a relatively loose monetary policy has been implemented, due to the small amount of guaranty assets of small and medium-sized software companies, it is more difficult to raise funds in a market downturn. At the same time, the threshold for major customers in the industry continues to increase. It is difficult for SMEs to undertake large-scale infrastructure investment informatization projects. "It is expected that the output value of China's software industry will exceed 900 billion yuan this year, and will exceed one trillion yuan next year." At the 2009 China Information Technology Leaders Summit, Chen Chong, chairman of the China Software Industry Association, told reporters.

The software industry has been described as "the engine that drives the development of the information industry." He believes that 2009 is special. With the spread of the global financial crisis, many domestic industries have been severely affected, and the growth rate of software has slowed down. However, it is worth noting that China's software industry has maintained a growth rate of more than 20%. "The software industry is one of the fastest-growing industries." In fact, the software industry is also the key point to stimulate China's economic growth. A survey by international research agency IDC shows that China's IT spending in 2009 will reach 494 billion yuan. According to the survey, the IT industry has made a very important contribution to China's economic growth, and software plays an important role in the development of the IT industry, becoming a catalyst for promoting economic growth and creating economic opportunities. "Innovatively accelerating the integration and expansion of software and traditional industries is not only the reason for the sustained and stable development of the software industry, but also the key to the future development of the software industry." The integration of the two industries has brought greater development opportunities for the software industry, and has also provided software for China The development of the service industry has raised new and higher requirements, that is, continuous innovation.

A few days ago, the global design software giant United States Autodesk made a strategic adjustment, which aroused the vigilance of related domestic industries. In this strategy adjustment, the price of some computer-aided design software (CAD for short) is reduced by 80%, and the price is lowered in China. The move aims to "clean up" domestic CAD software to maintain its monopoly position in the field. Experts suggest that in the face of new trends in suspected low-price dumping by multinational giants, national software companies should strengthen their independent innovation capabilities and give domestic design software industries greater market space. While China encourages enterprises to innovate independently, many companies with considerable development potential are encountering mergers and acquisitions by multinational giants, and even encountering low-price dumping and getting into trouble. At present, CAD software is indispensable for military manufacturing, aerospace, geological survey, etc. If you rely solely on foreign design software, then the relevant important information in China may be stolen. In order to combat the low-price competition of multinational giants and cultivate the growth of national design software companies, the most fundamental way is to encourage and support domestic software companies to strengthen their awareness of innovation. The government should encourage and support domestic CAD software to go abroad, and provide policy, technology, funding, talents and other support for domestic CAD software to go abroad. It is reported that the "Several Policies for Further Encouraging the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry" jointly formulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance have been completed and will be reported to the State Council in the near future. China has more opportunities to grow a world-class management software manufacturer. The next three years will be a golden period for UFIDA to accelerate its development.

China News Service, February 5. According to South Korea's Chosun Ilbo, the South Korean government will fully start the work of shifting IT industry centers that focus on hardware (HW) such as mobile phones and televisions to software (SW). This is because as software-based products such as Apple's iPhone have recently dominated the market, there has been a sense of crisis that hardware-centric Korea's IT competitiveness may decline significantly. It is reported that the Ministry of Knowledge Economy reported the "Strategy to Become a Powerful Software Country" at the 45th Emergency Economic Countermeasures Conference chaired by South Korean President Lee Myung-bak on February 4th, and its main content was to place software orders in the public sector At this time, large enterprises are prohibited from joint bidding. The reporter learned from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on the 3rd that in 2010, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology's policy support for the software industry will remain relatively strong. The reporter also learned that the "Several Policies to Further Encourage the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry" jointly formulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance have been initially completed, and the "Electronic Information Industry Adjustment and Revitalization Plan" for supporting the software industry will be accelerated implement. Data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology showed that in 2009, China's software industry deduced a "V" -shaped upward curve that went from a trough upward and gradually reversed. In the whole year, China's software industry completed software business revenue of 951.3 billion yuan, an increase of 25.6% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 4.2 percentage points lower than the previous year. Among them, the monthly growth rate has declined month by month since March, and has started to rise month after month when it reached its lowest point. In December, the software business revenue for the month was 81.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of more than 50%, which was the highest monthly level for the year. The annual height is 30%.

In 2009, the concentration of the software industry was further enhanced. The top 100 software companies completed software business revenues of more than 200 billion yuan, an increase of more than 15% over the previous year, and realized profit growth of more than 20%. Among them, companies mainly in the telecommunications and financial industries continued to maintain rapid growth, such as Nanjing Nanrui (Electric Power), Radio & TV Express (financial, transportation) software revenue growth rate of more than 35%.

In addition, the automobile, transportation, and power industries, driven by the country's infrastructure construction, have also maintained revenues of more than 20% for large software companies.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology believes that in 2010, the domestic software market is still at a low level of penetration and saturation, and will continue to be in a high-growth stage in the next few years.

Relevant persons from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology pointed out that, driven by the country's four trillion yuan in infrastructure investment, IT applications for some new investment projects have begun in the second half of 2009. As the project construction enters the middle and late stages in 2010, the demand for information technology will be further released; 2010 is also a big year for the traditional construction of the financial industry. The country will continue to implement a moderately accommodative monetary policy, and the banking industry will continue to expand its strategy, especially regional banks and investment banks will grow rapidly. At the same time, the investment in the telecommunications industry will continue to grow, focusing on 3G system construction and new business development, which will also bring huge demand for software services. In addition, the introduction of information technology-related policies and regulations will create new market opportunities. In 2010, the "Basic Standards for Internal Control of Enterprises" will be fully implemented among listed companies and non-listed large and medium-sized enterprises. The new requirements for enterprise information management systems in the specification will directly promote the development of enterprise IT management software.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology believes that due to the above positive factors, the growth rate of China's software industry is expected to remain about 25% throughout the year. Previously, the market's judgment on the software industry was that the annual revenue growth rate is expected to be about 22%, the listed company's revenue growth rate will be higher than the industry average, and the profitability outlook is relatively stable.

The rapid development of the modern service industry requires a large number of high-quality and highly skilled service industry innovative talents who have a solid theoretical literacy and knowledge level, as well as relatively advanced hands-on skills and operating skills, which can meet the needs of the development of the modern service industry. . Building a high-skilled and innovative talent team that meets the requirements of the development of modern service industry and forms a high-quality army of modern service industry, which plays an indispensable role in realizing the industrial optimization of modern service industry and improving the core competitiveness of modern service industry. .

The essential attributes of high-skilled and innovative talents who meet the needs of the development of modern service industry are that they have acquired the necessary professional knowledge of modern service industry, acquired strong professional basic skills, and possessed good practical and creative innovative application technologies. Experts. That is to say, high-skilled and innovative talents who meet the needs of the development of modern service industry must not only master the "there must be enough" professional knowledge of modern service industry, but also the basic professional practical skills. The key is to have comprehensive professional ability and basic professional qualities, and be proficient. Master the expertise and technology of modern service industry, have superb operation skills, can use key technologies in work practice to creatively solve complex processes, carry out technological transformation and technological innovation, and can accelerate the upgrade of modern service industry and the modern service industry The development process plays an important role. It can be seen that the occupational characteristics of high-skilled innovative talents that meet the needs of the development of modern service industries are obvious, occupational positions are important, and social needs are urgent. We should deeply understand the occupational characteristics of highly-skilled innovative talents that meet the needs of modern service industry development, and strive to grasp the high levels of modern services Characteristics and growth rules of skilled innovative talents, actively exploring the training model of highly skilled innovative talents that meet the needs of the development of modern service industries, innovating the cultivation mechanism of highly skilled innovative talents that meet the requirements of the development of modern service industries, and promoting modern service talents to stand out and make modern The construction and training of talents in the service industry has entered a benign, healthy and sustainable development track.
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